By Dr. Mercola
Vinegar is said to have been discovered around 5,000 BC, when unattended grape juice turned into wine and then vinegar. Originally used as a food preservative, vinegar's medicinal uses soon came to light.
Hippocrates used vinegar to manage wounds, while medical practitioners in the 1700s used it to treat everything from poison ivy and croup to stomach aches. Vinegar was even used to treat diabetes.1
Vinegar, which means "sour wine" in French, can be made from virtually any carbohydrate that can be fermented, including grapes, dates, coconut, potatoes, beets, and, of course, apples.
The benefits and uses of apple cider vinegar (ACV) are now known to many (more on this later), which is why this is becoming a staple in many people's kitchen pantries.
Traditionally, vinegar is made through a long, slow fermentation process, leaving it rich in bioactive components like acetic acid, gallic acid, catechin, epicatechin, caffeic acid, and more, giving it potent antioxidant, antimicrobial, and many other beneficial properties.
As reported in Medscape General Medicine:2
"The slow methods are generally used for the production of the traditional wine vinegars, and the culture of acetic acid bacteria grows on the surface of the liquid and fermentation proceeds slowly over the course of weeks or months.
The longer fermentation period allows for the accumulation of a non-toxic slime composed of yeast and acetic acid bacteria, known as the mother of vinegar."
"Mother" of vinegar, a cobweb-like amino acid-based substance found in unprocessed, unfiltered vinegar, indicates your vinegar is of the best quality. Most manufacturers pasteurize and filter their vinegar to prevent the mother from forming, but the "murky" kind is best, especially if you're planning to consume it.
Vinegar is not only useful for cooking, it's useful for health purposes, cleaning, garden care, hygiene, and much more. In fact, a jug of vinegar is easily one of the most economical and versatile remedies around. I recommend keeping it in your home at all times…
Health Uses for Apple Cider Vinegar
There are no official guidelines concerning taking vinegar internally. Some people take one to two teaspoons a day, mixed in a glass of water, before meals or in the morning, and report benefits from doing so. The risk of taking small amounts of vinegar is low, and research suggests it may have some real health benefits.
Vinegar is said to be anti-glycemic and has a beneficial effect on blood sugar levels. It's thought that the acetic acid in vinegar may lower blood sugar by preventing the complete digestion of complex carbohydrates, which is accomplished either by accelerating gastric emptying or increasing the uptake of glucose by bodily tissues.3
One theory is that vinegar might inactivate some of the digestive enzymes that break down carbohydrates into sugar, thus slowing the conversion of complex carbohydrate into sugar from a meal into your bloodstream.
This gives your body more time to pull sugar out of your blood, preventing your sugar levels from spiking. Quite a bit of research supports the use of vinegar as a diabetic treatment as well.
One study found that vinegar treatment improved insulin sensitivity in 19 percent of individuals with type 2 diabetes and 34 percent of those with pre-diabetes.4
Yet another study found taking two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar before bed lowered blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes by up to 6 percent by the morning.5
• Heart Health
Vinegar supports heart health in multiple ways. As explained in the Journal of Food Science:6
"Polyphenols such as chlorogenic acid, which is present in high levels in apple cider vinegar, could inhibit oxidation of LDLs and improve health by preventing cardiovascular diseases."
One study showed that vinegar could lower cholesterol in laboratory rats,7 while another study on rats found their blood pressure could be lowered by the acetic acid in vinegar.8
Vinegar has also been found to decrease triglyceride levels and VLDL levels (the damaging form of cholesterol) in animal studies.9
• Weight Loss
Vinegar may help you lose weight, as it appears to have an anti-obesity effect by increasing satiety and reducing the total amount of food consumed.
For instance, when volunteers consumed a small amount of vinegar along with a high-carb meal (a bagel and juice) they consumed less food for the remainder of the day. The reduction equated to about 200 to 275 calories a day – an amount that would result in a monthly weight loss of up to 1.5 pounds.10
In addition, separate research found taking vinegar along with bread not only lowered glucose and insulin responses, but also increased levels of satiety. The rating of satiety was directly related to the acetic acid level in the vinegar.11
• Sinus Congestion
Apple cider vinegar helps to break up and reduce mucous in your body, helping to clear your sinuses. It also has antibacterial properties, making it useful for infections. Here's what to do:12
1. Add 1/2 to 1 teaspoon of apple cider vinegar to a cup of warm filtered water, and then stir until it's thoroughly mixed.
2. Pour some of the mixture into your palm (make sure you wash your hands first) and then snort it up one nostril at a time. Plug the other nostril with the other hand. Repeat to the other side.
• Sore Throat
The antibacterial properties in apple cider vinegar may be useful for sore throats as well. Gargle with a mixture of about one-third cup of apple cider vinegar mixed with warm water as needed. You can also use undiluted ACV for this:13
1. Sip a small of amount of undiluted apple cider vinegar.
2. If you can withstand it, repeat several times a day.
3. There should be a 30-minute gap in between each sip. Make sure to drink water after each dose.
• Acid Reflux and Other Digestive Ailments
Acid reflux typically results from having too little acid in your stomach. You can easily improve the acid content of your stomach by taking one tablespoon of raw unfiltered apple cider vinegar in a large glass of water daily. The pectin in apple cider vinegar may also help to soothe intestinal spasms.
In addition, ACV not only effectively stimulates digestive juices that help the body break down food, but it also contains healthy acids like isobutryic, acetic, propionic and lactic acid that can control the growth of unwanted yeast and bacteria in your stomach and throughout your body.14
• Skin Irritations
Apple cider vinegar works for a variety of skin ailments, from bug bites to poison ivy to sunburn. You can either apply it directly to the irritated area or try soaking in a bath with about one cup of vinegar added.
Topical application of apple cider vinegar may help remove warts, likely because of the high levels of acetic acid it contains.15 You can try soaking a cotton ball in vinegar and applying it to the wart, covered, overnight.
1. Soak a cotton ball in ACV.
2. Applying the cotton ball over the wart and keep it well covered.
3. Leave it on overnight, and remove in the morning.
• Energy Boost
Apple cider vinegar contains potassium and enzymes to help banish fatigue. Plus, its amino acids may help prevent the buildup of lactic acid in your body, further preventing fatigue.16
• Boost Liver Detoxification
Studies found that ACV plays a role in liver detoxification, and may stimulate circulation. It also has healing properties that can affect the skin and blood and eliminate harmful environmental toxins in the body. Apple cider vinegar can also cleanse the lymph nodes and promote better lymph circulation, which can contribute to improved immune system response.
• Candida Overgrowth
Too much Candida bacteria, which is actually a naturally occurring yeast, in your body has been linked to many different health issues, including yeast infections, fatigue, poor memory, depression, headaches, sugar cravings.
Candida overgrowth usually happens when the body is too acidic from excessive intake of processed foods or sugar, or if there's insufficient good bacteria in your system. Because ACV is fermented with a beneficial yeast, it can serves as a prebiotic for healthy bacteria, essentially helping good bacteria grow.
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Apple Cider Vinegar Uses Around Your Home
Generally, you can use distilled white vinegar for household use and the cider vinegars, made from fermenting fruits such as apples, for consumption. However, if you prefer you can use apple cider vinegar around your home as well.
• Natural Cleaning
Vinegar is one of the best natural cleaning agents there is, and this is largely due to its antimicrobial properties. When added to food, the organic acids in vinegar (especially the acetic acid) pass into cell membranes to kill bacteria. Foods fermented with vinegar have a natural arsenal of antimicrobial organic acids, including acetic, lactic, ascorbic, citric, malic, propionic, succinic, and tartaric acids.
One study found acetic acid to be lethal to even E. coli O157:H7, while other research has shown substances such as acetic acid, lemon juice, or a combination of lemon juice and vinegar to be effective against salmonella.17
• Weed Killer
Vinegar is very effective to control weeds in your garden. Howard Garrett, also known as The Dirt Doctor, shared his recipe for vinegar-based herbicide (this spray will injure any plant it touches, so use it only on those you want to remove):
◦ 1 gallon of 10 percent (100 grain) vinegar
◦ Add 1 ounce orange oil or d-limonene
◦ Add 1 tablespoon molasses (optional - some say it doesn't help)
◦ 1 teaspoon liquid soap or other surfactant (such as Bio Wash)
◦ Do not add water
• Neutralize Odors
Apple cider vinegar in a bowl will help to neutralize odors in your home.
• Fruit and Veggie Wash
Vinegar is one of the best natural agents for removing certain pesticides and bacteria from your fresh produce. Try a solution of 10 percent vinegar to 90 percent water as a bath to briefly soak produce. Just place your veggies or fruit in the solution, swish them around, and rinse thoroughly (don't use this process on fragile fruits like berries since they could be damaged in the process or soak up too much vinegar through their porous skins).
• Natural Polishing Agent
Apple cider vinegar can be used to polish different metals:18
For silver: Mix half a cup of vinegar with 2 tablespoons baking soda. Soak the silver for a few hours and then rinse.
◦ For brass, bronze and copper: Create a paste by mixing equal parts salt and vinegar, and then coat the items completely, rubbing them until the tarnish is gone. Rinse with cold water and dry with a clean towel.
Hygiene and Beauty Uses for Apple Cider Vinegar
You might even want to keep some apple cider vinegar in your bathroom cabinet…
• Hair Rinse
Apple cider vinegar helps remove product build-up and balance your scalp's pH level. Try a weekly rinse of one-third cup of vinegar mixed with four cups of water. For dandruff, do this instead:19
1. Spraying your scalp with equal parts vinegar and water (mixed).
2. Wrap a towel around your head and leave it to sit for an hour.
3. Wash out and repeat up to twice a week.
• Facial Toner
Diluted apple cider vinegar on a cotton ball makes a simple facial toner and cleanser to help prevent breakouts. It might even help bruises to fade faster.
Apple cider vinegar helps kill odor-causing bacteria, so dab a bit under your arms for a natural deodorant.
• Oral Health
Gargling with diluted apple cider vinegar can help to eliminate bad breath and whiten teeth. Keep in mind, however, that apple cider vinegar is highly acidic. The main ingredient is acetic acid, which is quite harsh, so you should always dilute it with water before swallowing.
Pure, straight apple cider vinegar could damage your tooth enamel or the tissues of your mouth and throat. (There is, in fact, one reported incident of long-term esophageal damage to a woman who got an apple cider vinegar supplement capsule stuck in her throat.)
• Foot Odor and Body Odor
Wiping your feet down with apple cider vinegar can help to eliminate odor-causing bacteria and smells from your feet. Rubbing it on your armpit20 can also help neutralize body odor.
• Soothing Aftershave
Throw away your artificial chemical-based aftershave and settle for ACV instead. Just dilute it in an equal portion of clean water, shake well, and then apply to your face after shaving.21
How to Use Apple Cider Vinegar in Your Cooking
There are many creative ways to use apple cider in cooking. Try it in homemade marinades and sauces, soups, or even smoothies. You can even add it to baked goods (it will add extra lift) and, of course, use it in salad dressing (try it mixed with olive oil, garlic, and mustard, for instance).22
Vinegar is good on fish as well and serves as a great tenderizing marinade for meat, giving it a good bit of zing. And it's tasty drizzled over cooked greens or as a base for a cucumber salad. You can also try your hand at pickled vegetables using vinegar.
Vinegar is also a vital addition to homemade bone broth. When it comes to making broth, the vinegar helps leach all those valuable minerals from the bones into the stockpot water, which is ultimately what you'll be eating. The goal is to extract as many minerals as possible out of the bones into the broth water.
If you're consuming vinegar for therapeutic reasons but don't enjoy the flavor, you can alternatively consume other fermented foods to get the beneficial acids. This will then also help to recolonize your gut with beneficial bacteria. However, vinegar is easier and certainly safe to use, so you can certainly include it in your diet if you enjoy it.
Choose Your Vinegar Wisely: Avoid Distilled Vinegar
Distilled white vinegar is excellent for cleaning and laundry, but for health purposes you'll want to avoid the perfectly clear, "sparkling clean" varieties you commonly see on grocery store shelves. Instead, you want organic, unfiltered, unprocessed vinegar, which is murky.
As mentioned, that murkiness is caused by a cobweb-like substance called the "mother," and it is indicative of a high-quality product. Finally, if you are considering taking apple cider vinegar medicinally, long-term excessive use could conceivably cause low potassium levels and can adversely affect your bone density – so moderation is important.
In addition, apple cider vinegar could theoretically interact with diuretics, laxatives, and medicines for diabetes and heart disease. If you are under the care of a physician and you want to try a course of apple cider vinegar, talk to your physician first to make sure it won't interfere with any of the medications you are currently taking.
Advanced Added Bonus for Even MORE Benefits
You can consider using fermented vegetables. Like vinegar, it is a mild acid but instead of acetic acid like vinegar, it has lactic acid. In addition to being useful for many of the items above, properly fermented vegetables will provide you with two major benefits, they will help to replenish and improve your gut microbiome, and if a high vitamin K2 starter culture is used they will also provide you with useful doses of vitamin K2, which is every bit as important as vitamin D and works synergistically with vitamin D.