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  • The symptoms of endometriosis may occur differently among women. Some may experience a variety of symptoms, while others may not even notice the symptoms at all
  • It is still important to know about the various symptoms of endometriosis that usually occur among women
 

Signs and Symptoms of Endometriosis You Should Know About

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The symptoms of endometriosis may occur differently among women. Some may experience a variety of symptoms, while others may not even notice any at all. On the other hand, some women may feel no pain, but some, despite having a milder form of endometriosis, undergo severe pain or other symptoms.1

Nevertheless, it is still important to know about the various symptoms of endometriosis that usually occur among women, such as:2

Pain, especially extreme menstrual cramps that may be felt in the abdomen, lower back or pelvis3

Pain during intercourse

Abnormal or heavy menstrual flow that lasts for more than seven days or that would cause you to change pads or tampons every one to two hours4

Painful urination and bowel movements during menstrual periods

Bloody stool or urine5

Nausea and vomiting6

Gastrointestinal problems such as diarrhea, constipation and/or nausea

3 Methods to See If You Have Endometriosis or Not

Take note that there is no correlation between the amount of pain a woman feels because of endometriosis and the severity of this condition.7

However, despite this fact, make sure you consult a physician if you notice these symptoms affecting you or someone you know. Your physician may perform any of these three methods to check if you have endometriosis or not:8

Pelvic exam: the physician manually feels or palpates the areas in your pelvis and checks for abnormalities, such as cysts on your reproductive organs or scars behind your uterus. While it is not possible to feel for small areas wherein endometriosis is already present, they could be felt if a cyst is already present.

Ultrasound: during this exam, high-frequency sound waves are created to form images of the inside of your body. This is done using a device called a transducer, which is either inserted into your vagina (for a transvaginal ultrasound) or pressed and moved against abdominal skin.9

While an ultrasound does not inform your doctor whether you have endometriosis or not, this type of imaging can identify cysts that are associated with endometriosis called endometriomas.

Apart from an ultrasound, your physician might perform a computerized tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Both of these methods can check for the presence of cysts, and identify the fluid that is within an ovarian cyst. Women who are infertile and/or experience chronic pelvic pain may find any of these techniques useful for them.10

Laparoscopy: in some cases, your doctor may refer you to a surgeon so you can undergo a laparoscopy that’ll look for signs of endometriosis in your abdomen. This procedure is usually done while you’re under general anesthesia.

Your surgeon first makes a tiny incision near your navel, and inserts a laparoscope or a slender viewing instrument (a fiber-optic rod and camera)11 to look for endometrial tissue outside your uterus. Your surgeon may also take tissue samples. This method will determine the location, extent and size of the endometrial implants to see which treatment protocol is best for you.

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