How Long Does Vertigo Last?

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Story at-a-glance -

  • The duration of your vertigo depends on the underlying disorder that caused it
  • The presence of auditory symptoms in some disorders indicate that it may cause hearing problems, such as hearing loss or tinnitus, a condition that produces a constant ringing sound

The duration of your vertigo depends on the underlying disorder that caused it. In multiple sclerosis for example, the vertigo can last for months, depending on how the disease acts on your nervous system. In the next section, you'll be able to compare how the vertigo induced by each disorder is different from each other.

Disorders That Cause Vertigo and Their Severity

The table below, provided by the American Family Physician, provides a very thorough overview on how long vertigo lasts depending on the disorder that causes it.1 As you can see, there are many disorders that can cause vertigo, and they come in two types — peripheral and central.

Peripheral vertigo refers to a group of disorders that affect your inner ear, which houses organs responsible for hearing and balance. Conversely, central vertigo refers to disorders that affect your nervous system. Both produce very similar symptoms, but they differ in treatment.2

Disorder Duration of Episodes Auditory Symptoms Prevalence Peripheral or Central Vertigo
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) Seconds No Common Peripheral
Perilymphatic fistula (head trauma, barotrauma) Seconds Yes Uncommon Peripheral
Vascular ischemia: transient ischemic attack Seconds to hours Usually not Uncommon Can be either of the two depending on the site of infection
Meniere's disease Hours Yes Common Peripheral
Syphilis Hours Yes Uncommon Peripheral
Vertiginous migraine Hours No Common Central
Labyrinthine concussion Days Yes Uncommon Peripheral
Labryinthitis Days Yes Common Peripheral
Vascular ischemia: stroke Days Usually not Uncommon Can be either of the two depending on the site of infection
Vestibular neuritis Days No Common Peripheral
Anxiety disorder Variable Usually not Common Unspecified
Acoustic neuroma Months Yes Uncommon Peripheral
Cerebellar degeneration Months No Uncommon Central
Cerebellar tumor Months No Uncommon Central
Multiple sclerosis Months No Uncommon Central
Vestibular ototoxicity Months Yes Uncommon Peripheral

The presence of auditory symptoms in some disorders indicate that it may cause hearing problems, such as hearing loss or tinnitus, a condition that produces a constant ringing sound. The sound can reduce your quality of life as it can disrupt your sleep or prevent you from performing at full capacity during work or at school.

MORE ABOUT VERTIGO

Vertigo: Introduction

What is Vertigo?

How Do You Get Vertigo?

Vertigo Duration

Vertigo Causes

Vertigo Types

Vertigo Symptoms

Vertigo Treatment

Vertigo Prevention

Vertigo Diet

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