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Lyme Disease: An Introduction

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May 12, 2019

Story at-a-glance

  • Lyme disease is a bacterial infection that can be transmitted by ticks
  • It mimics a number of disorders such as arthritis, multiple sclerosis (MS), chronic fatigue syndrome, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Alzheimer’s disease. Infected individuals also can appear to be completely healthy even though they are experiencing severe symptoms
  • Up to 300,000 people may contract Lyme disease each year in the U.S.

Lyme disease remains one of the most serious and controversial epidemics today. Approximately 30,000 cases of Lyme disease are reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) every year. However, data from the standard national surveillance show that around 300,000 people are diagnosed with Lyme disease each year in the U.S.,1 indicating the disease is considerably underreported. But what exactly is Lyme disease and how can you contract it?

An Overview on Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is a bacterial infection that can be transmitted by ticks.2 Some studies suggest that the bacteria that cause it can also be spread by other insects like fleas, mosquitoes and mites.3 Lyme disease is called “the great imitator” because it mimics a number of disorders such as arthritis, multiple sclerosis (MS), chronic fatigue syndrome, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Alzheimer’s disease.4,5 It’s also called “the invisible illness,” as infected individuals can appear to be completely healthy even though they are experiencing severe symptoms.6

Lyme disease usually starts with a red, round rash that resemble a bull’s-eye. It then progresses with symptoms such as fatigue, fever, headaches and joint and muscle pain. It can then progress to muscle spasms, loss of motor coordination, intermittent paralysis, meningitis and even heart problems.7 The disease typically causes vague, dispersed pain, which is the reason it is often misdiagnosed as fibromyalgia even by experienced doctors.8

The best strategy against Lyme disease is to avoid being bitten by ticks and other insects. The CDC recommends checking your whole body carefully after going to a tick-infested area and taking a shower immediately after being outdoors, to wash off and easily find ticks or tick bites.9

Controversies Surrounding Chronic Lyme Disease

Many physicians now acknowledge that Lyme disease is real, but there is still controversy about whether it can become a chronic condition.10 Members of the Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) do not believe in chronic Lyme and generally will not treat a patient longer than the usual duration of treatment, which is four to six weeks. On the other hand, members of the International Lyme and Associated Diseases Society (ILADS) believe that Lyme disease can persist and are willing to treat patients for a longer duration.11

According to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health, long-term antibiotic treatment is not beneficial for individuals with ongoing symptoms of Lyme disease, as it does not result in a positive prognosis and only increases the risks for complications such as biliary disease.12,13 It can also significantly decrease the beneficial bacteria in the gut and impair your natural immune function. To help manage this condition without complications, opt for safer holistic methods.

These Pages Will Help You Better Understand Lyme Disease

Take immediate action if you suspect that you, someone you know or your pet is infected with Lyme disease. Read these pages to learn more about Lyme disease, including its causes, stages, symptoms and treatment options. Learning crucial information about this potentially debilitating condition is an important step to helping lower your risk.

The critically acclaimed documentary, “Under Our Skin,” is a good reference for raising awareness on Lyme disease. Screened to millions of people worldwide, this documentary brings to light the shocking reality of Lyme disease and how the corrupt healthcare system has left many people undiagnosed and untreated.

Its highly anticipated sequel, “Under Our Skin 2: Emergence,” further investigates the Lyme disease epidemic as it sweeps across the globe, and brings to focus the new findings that may help patients recover and have a better quality of life.

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Lyme Disease: Introduction

What Is Lyme Disease?

Is Lyme Disease Contagious?

Lyme Disease Causes

Lyme Disease Stages

Lyme Disease Symptoms

Lyme Disease Treatment

Lyme Disease Prevention

Lyme Disease Test

Lyme Disease Diet

Lyme Disease FAQ

Next >

What Is Lyme Disease?

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Sources and References

  • 1 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, How Many People Get Lyme Disease?
  • 2 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Lyme Disease Transmission
  • 3 Lyme Disease Association of Australia, Lyme Disease Transmission
  • 4 Symbiosis 2009
  • 5 WebMD “Is It RA or Lyme Disease?”
  • 6 "Reversing Chronic Lyme Disease: the New Paradigm Beyond Conventional Medicine," p.51, June 2013
  • 7 Mayo Clinic, Lyme Disease Symptoms and Causes
  • 8 WebMD, Common Misdiagnoses of Fibromyalgia
  • 9 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Preventing Tick Bites on People
  • 10 Harvard Health Publishing June 18, 2018
  • 11 International Lyme and Associated Diseases Society, Controversies and Challenges in Treating Lyme Disease
  • 12 NIAID, Lyme Disease Antibiotic Treatment Research
  • 13 J Infect Dis. 1995 Feb;171(2):356-61
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