While sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are widespread nowadays, the name “trichomoniasis” might still be unfamiliar to some people. Trichomoniasis actually affects 3.7 million people in the U.S.,1 and is the third most common STI in the U.S.2 The World Health Organization (WHO) highlights that around 143 million new trichomoniasis infections are recorded every year globally. 3
Also called “trich,”4 trichomoniasis affects both men and women,5 with the latter being more prone to this infection. Around 2.3 million women between the ages of 14 and 49 have this STI, most especially sexually active women ages 16 to 35 years old.6
What’s alarming is that women with no history of either sexual intercourse or pregnancy already have a 1.0 and 4.1 percent chance of being affected with trichomoniasis. Plus, around 3.2 percent of pregnant women have trichomoniasis. Out of various racial groups, African-American women are most likely to have a trichomoniasis infection, at 13.3 percent, compared to Mexican and Caucasian women with 1.8 and 1.3 percentages, respectively.7
Why Should Trichomoniasis Be Treated Swiftly?
At least 30 percent of people infected with trichomoniasis will develop symptoms, so immediate testing is a must once early hallmarks appear.8 Men and women, apart from experiencing some sort of pain or discomfort in their genital area,9 also put their health in jeopardy because of trichomoniasis’ complications.
One of the trichomoniasis’ harmful long-term effects is a higher risk of being affected with or spreading other STIs, such as HIV. Furthermore, a trichomoniasis infection may trigger a genital inflammation that could make a patient become easily affected with HIV and/or trichomoniasis or pass it to another person.10,11
It’s also possible that alongside trichomoniasis, a patient may experience other STIs like gonorrhea, chlamydia and bacterial vaginosis. Even worse, untreated trichomoniasis infections may result in pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and scar tissue-caused fallopian tube blockage, infertility and chronic abdominal or pelvic pain.12
Pregnant women with trichomoniasis also have a higher chance of premature delivery, premature rupture of membranes (PROM),13 low birth weight in newborns or transmission of infection to infants when they pass through the birth canal.14
Getting Rid of Trichomoniasis Is Possible
Fortunately, trichomoniasis is one out of four known curable STDs, alongside syphilis, gonorrhea and chlamydia.15 However, most physicians initially prescribe antibiotics that have been proven to cause unwanted side effects. Take some time to read these Trichomoniasis pages, so you can learn more about what causes it, its initial symptoms and the best remedies against it.