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Introduction to Vertigo

Story at-a-glance

  • Vertigo typically signifies that you may have an underlying condition in either one of two important body parts — your inner ear or your central nervous system
  • When your central nervous system is the cause, this type is known as central vertigo

Have you ever felt that your surroundings were spinning, even if you weren't moving at all? If you did, you may be suffering from vertigo, a form of dizziness that gives you the illusion of movement.1

Vertigo typically signifies that you may have an underlying condition in one of two important body parts — either your inner ear or your central nervous system. Your inner ear is a collection of organs responsible for transforming vibrations in the air into signals that travel directly to your brain, which are then processed as sound.2 It also contains organs that coordinate with your brain on how to balance your body as you move.

Your central nervous system, on the other hand, is responsible for controlling your thoughts, muscle movement and the transportation of sensory stimulants into your brain.3

2 Types of Vertigo You Should Know About

If the cause of your vertigo is isolated in your inner ear, this condition is known as peripheral vertigo. Below are a few ailments that are known to cause this problem:

When your central nervous system is the cause, it is known as central vertigo. Diseases that have been linked with this condition include:

Treatment for Vertigo

Due to the different underlying causes of vertigo, the treatment options can vary. In BPPV for example, special exercises are performed with the help of a physical therapist to help move the crystals into a location that won't affect your balance. As you become more confident in doing the exercises yourself, you can perform them in the comfort of your own home.9

However, in some cases, the underlying condition has no cure, like in multiple sclerosis.10 In this case, you will have to treat your symptoms through a combination of therapies to help reduce the inflammation, along with a healthy diet to nourish your body.

Learn All You Need to Know About Vertigo

In this guide, you'll learn all the necessary information regarding vertigo, such as its symptoms, causes, treatment and prevention. Take note however, that this guide won't help you treat the underlying cause of vertigo by itself. If you begin to experience any of the symptoms listed in the following pages, it's best to consult a doctor right away.

MORE ABOUT VERTIGO

Vertigo: Introduction

What is Vertigo?

How Do You Get Vertigo?

Vertigo Duration

Vertigo Causes

Vertigo Types

Vertigo Symptoms

Vertigo Treatment

Vertigo Prevention

Vertigo Diet

Vertigo FAQ

Next >

What is Vertigo?

Sources and References

  • 1 eMedicineHealth, "Vertigo"
  • 2 Hear-It, "The Inner Ear"
  • 3 WebMD, "Central Nervous System"
  • 4 Dizziness-and-Balance.com, "Meniere's Disease" July 18, 2016
  • 5 MedlinePlus, "Benign Positional Vertigo"
  • 6 National Multiple Sclerosis Society, “Dizziness and Vertigo”
  • 7 Vestibular Disorders Association, "Vestibular Migraine (aka Migraine Associated Vertigo or MAV)"
  • 8 Patient, "Acoustic Neuroma"
  • 9 WebMD, "Brandt-Daroff Exercise for Vertigo"
  • 10 National Multiple Sclerosis Society, "Multiple Sclerosis FAQs"
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