The 7 Common Types of Bursitis You Can Develop

types of bursitis

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  • There are several types you should know about, and they take their names from their locations of inflammation, making them easy to identify
  • Should you feel sick, along with joint pain, you should visit a doctor immediately

Bursitis can occur anywhere in the body where bursae are located. There are several types you should know about, and they take their names from their locations of inflammation, making them easy to identify.1

Hip Bursitis

Hip  bursitis, also called trochanteric bursitis, is more common among women, middle-aged people and the elderly. Usually, it results from injuries, overuse from work, spinal abnormalities, arthritis or surgery. Pain on the outer part of the hip is usually the main indicator of this condition.

Knee Bursitis

Also known as pes anserinus or, translated literally as “goosefoot” bursitis, this condition is usually caused by lack of stretching before a workout, being overweight, having arthritis, suffering from tight hamstring muscles or out-turning the knee. Specifically, pes anserine bursitis refers to the bursa located between the shin bone and the three tendons of the hamstring muscles inside the knee. As such, its main symptom is usually pain inside the knee.

There’s also a subtype of knee bursitis called kneecap bursitis. It has two popular nicknames: the housemaid’s knee2 and the clergyman’s knee.3 This condition commonly occurs among people who sit on their knees a lot, such as carpet layers and plumbers. The bursa in front of the kneecap becomes inflamed, resulting in pain and swelling.4

Shoulder Bursitis

This condition is usually the result of an injury, infection or a rheumatic condition. Sports-related activities, such as throwing a ball or lifting objects over your head, can increase your risk of this disease.5 There’s a possibility that you may experience tendonitis on the affected shoulder. You’ll notice that you have tendonitis when there is a pinching pain when the elbow is moved away from the body.6

Elbow Bursitis

The bursa involved in this condition is located between the skin and bones of the elbow. It can become inflamed through injury or constant pressure for prolonged periods of time, such as leaning on a hard surface. It may be caused simply by overuse and straining as well.

In other cases, the elbow bursa can become infected with bacteria, resulting in a condition called septic olecranon bursitis. Since it’s very close to the surface of the skin, the elbow bursa has a high chance of becoming infected. There’s also the possibility that cellulitis may form in the surrounding tissue.7

Heel Bursitis

Heel bursitis comes in two subtypes, depending on which bursa is inflamed. The first one is called posterior Achilles tendon bursitis, which affects the bursa between the skin of the back of the heel and the Achilles tendon. It is also called Haglund’s deformity.

The other one is anterior Achilles tendon bursitis, which targets the bursa in front of the attachment of the Achilles tendon to the heel bone. This subtype is sometimes known as Albert’s disease. Both types come with swelling and warmth, and you may feel a tender spot at the back of the heel.8

Ischiogluteal Bursitis

Ischiogluteal bursitis, sometimes shortened to ischial bursitis, is a condition that affects the ischiogluteal bursa in the buttocks. This specific bursa is located at the base of the pelvis, and can become inflamed due to bad posture practices such as prolonged sitting on hard surfaces, repetitive running or other strenuous activities. In other cases, the inflammation can occur due to an injury, such as falling onto the ground.9

Septic Bursitis

Septic bursitis is a bacterial infection that can occur in any bursa in your body. It usually happens when there’s a puncture wound on your skin, allowing the bacteria to travel down and into the bursa.10

Aside from the typical symptoms of bursitis, such as pain in the affected area, there are additional complications that can arise. Fever, unusual warmth or redness in the infected area and a generally unwell feeling are indicators of a septic infection. Should you feel sick, along with joint pain, you should visit a doctor immediately.11

MORE ABOUT BURSITIS

Bursitis: an Introduction

What Is Bursitis?

Bursitis Types

Hip Bursitis

Elbow Bursitis

Knee Bursitis

Shoulder Bursitis

Heel Bursitis

Septic Bursitis

Bursitis Causes

Bursitis Symptoms

Bursitis Treatment

Bursitis Prevention

Bursitis Diet

Bursitis FAQ

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