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How to Check If You’re Predisposed to Diabetes

blood sugar test

Story at-a-glance -

  • It’s said that in the U.S. alone, 30 million people already have diabetes , while 86 million are struggling with pre-diabetes
  • The American Diabetes Association (ADA) advises people over age 45 to undergo an initial blood sugar test to help establish a baseline for blood sugar levels

It's said that in the U.S. alone, 30 million people already have diabetes, while 86 million are struggling with pre-diabetes – meaning they are just on the verge of developing the full-blown disease.1

The good news is that diabetes is completely preventable and treatable. However, early detection is absolutely essential, so that you can immediately employ the necessary techniques to efficiently reverse this condition.

There are several types of diabetes tests available today that you can undergo to check for this illness. By getting tested and diagnosing the illness early, you and your physician can work together to manage diabetes and prevent complications from arising.

Who Should Get Tested for Diabetes?

Anyone who shows the hallmark symptoms of diabetes should make an appointment for a diabetes test. Some of the early signs of this illness include:2

Extreme thirst

Blurred vision

Feeling fatigued all the time

Hunger, even after eating

Frequent urination

Having sores or cuts that don't heal quickly

However, keep in mind that in some patients, diabetes does not cause early symptoms. There are groups of people who are more predisposed to this illness than others, such as those who are overweight. If you fall into any of the groups below, have yourself tested for diabetes immediately:3

You have a family history of diabetes

You do not engage in regular physical activity

You have high triglycerides, high blood pressure, low HDL cholesterol and heart disease

You belong in an ethnic group with a high risk for diabetes

You have a history of polycystic ovary syndrome

You're pregnant or have had a history of gestational diabetes in a previous pregnancy

The American Diabetes Association (ADA) also advises people over age 45 to undergo an initial blood sugar test to help establish a baseline for blood sugar levels. This is crucial, as your risk for diabetes increases as you age.4

Types of Tests for Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

In ancient times, diabetes testing relied on urine, as physicians relied on a sweet taste in this liquid to diagnose if a patient had this illness.5 Today, more sophisticated methods are now in place in order to properly diagnose a patient.

Mostly, physicians rely on blood tests to confirm if you have this disease or not. The tests for Type 1 and 2 diabetes, as well as for prediabetes, include:

Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test —This test checks the percentage of blood sugar attached to the hemoglobin and will indicate your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months.

Random blood sugar test — This makes use of a blood sample that is taken at a random time.

Fasting blood sugar test — The patient will be advised to fast overnight and a blood sample will be taken in the morning.

Oral glucose tolerance test — Similar to the fasting blood sugar test, overnight fasting is required for this, and the person's fasting blood sugar level is measured. Afterwards, a sugary liquid is provided and the levels are then tested for the next two hours.

If you're pregnant, there are specialized glucose tests that your physician will prescribe. The stage of your pregnancy that you will be asked to undergo these tests depends on your risk of gestational diabetes. Those who are at high risk will be asked to get tested during the first prenatal visit, while those who are at average risk will be required to do this test during the second trimester.6

Read These Articles for More Information on Diagnostic Tests for Diabetes

If you want better insight on how diabetes is diagnosed, read these articles. They provide information on the different blood tests available to confirm the presence of this illness, as well as what to expect during your screening. It's highly recommended to be familiar with this information so that you'll be properly prepared on your next doctor's visit.

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