The Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes You Should Watch For

frequent urination

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  • There are many signs and symptoms that may indicate you have type 2 diabetes
  • As your body continues to have problems processing insulin, it can slowly damage your organs in several ways

Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic condition that causes insulin resistance. In other words, your body’s cells cannot use insulin properly, leading to increased blood sugar levels that result in a multitude of symptoms and possible complications.1 There are many signs and symptoms that may indicate you have Type 2 diabetes. The table below can serve as your guide:2

Frequent urination — One of the hallmark symptoms of Type 2 diabetes is increased frequency of urination.

To help process excess gluknown thatcose, your body dumps it into the blood and is ejected as urine.

As a result, more urine needs to be removed to keep things functioning.

Increased thirst — Increased thirst often goes hand in hand with frequent urination.

Since you’re ejecting urine more than usual, you will have to drink more water as well to keep you from becoming dehydrated.

Unexplained weight loss — Type 2 diabetes prevents your cells from getting enough glucose, which can result in weight loss.

Furthermore, frequent urination causes you to lose calories and dump large amounts of water from your body.

Increased hunger — Insulin resistance prevents your cells from absorbing the sugars from the foods that you eat.

This effect leaves high insulin levels in your body, which your body interprets as hunger.

Foot pain — Pain in the extremities is common among people who have diabetes.

This is because the excess sugar in the blood damages the nerves, leading to tingling, pain and numbness.

Frequent illnesses or infections — The presence of sugar in the blood acts as food for microbes such as bacteria and fungi.

This can overwhelm your immune system and may predispose you to various diseases over time.

Wounds may take longer to heal due to damage in your nerves and blood vessels.3

Blurred vision — Type 2 diabetes causes blurred vision by impeding your lens’ ability to bend.

This action is required to help you focus, but your eyes cannot do it because their muscles are working harder than before.

Complications From Type 2 Diabetes Have Their Own Symptoms

It’s well-known that Type 2 diabetes can worsen and lead to various complications. As your body continues to have problems processing insulin, it can slowly damage your organs in several ways. In more severe cases when the disease is improperly managed, a doctor may even require an amputation of an affected limb.

Here are common complications you need to watch out for, alongside the signs and symptoms of Type 2 diabetes:4

  • Heart and blood vessel disease — Diabetes often results in peripheral artery disease (PAD), a condition that causes your blood vessels to narrow and reduce the delivery of blood to your legs and feet.

     

    As a result, wound healing slows down and infection can set in. In 2010 alone, 73,000 Americans who have diabetes and are over the age of 20 had to undergo an amputation to prevent spreading infections to other parts of their body.5

  • Nerve damage — High blood sugar levels can damage the walls in your capillaries that supply blood to your nerves. This can result in nerve pain (neuropathy), causing symptoms such as tingling, numbness or a burning pain on the extremities of your fingers and legs that can gradually spread upward.

     

    If the nerves in your digestive system are affected, it may lead to diarrhea, constipation or vomiting. In short, diabetes can cause various nervous system problems depending on the area it affects.

  • Kidney damage — The kidneys filter out waste from your blood by using millions of blood vessel clusters. Similar to neuropathy, Type 2 diabetes can damage these vessels, causing diabetic nephropathy. When this occurs, you may notice an increased need to urinate, persistent itching, swelling of feet, ankles, hands and eyes, worsening blood pressure control and fatigue.6
  • Eye damage — Blood vessels in your eyes can become damaged, leading to a condition known as diabetic retinopathy. The disease doesn’t present symptoms at first, but eventually you will notice spots or floaters in your vision. Blurriness, difficulty seeing at night and having a dark or empty spot in the center of your vision are other hallmark symptoms of diabetic retinopathy.

What to Do If You Develop Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes can cause permanent damage to your body, especially on your limbs. If you experience any indicators mentioned above, visit a doctor immediately for a clear diagnosis, so you can determine which lifestyle factors need to be changed for better health.

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