Type 1 Diabetes Treatment: Ways to Manage Your Blood Glucose Levels

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  • The treatment methods for Type 1 diabetes are primarily maintaining the blood glucose levels within the normal range and preventing the long- and short-term complications of this disease
  • Choosing healthy diet and lifestyle habits may also help you take control of your blood sugar levels and prevent the complications related to diabetes

If you have been diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes, you're probably aware that there is no permanent cure for this disease. However, this doesn't mean that you're fated to suffer from the complications of hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia. There are actually several ways to control your glucose levels and lead a normal life.

The treatment methods for Type 1 diabetes are primarily focused on maintaining the blood glucose levels within the normal range and preventing the long- and short-term complications of this disease. Make sure that you consult your physician to figure out the best treatment approach for your needs.

Conventional Treatment Methods for Type 1 Diabetes

After you've been formally diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes, your doctor may recommend that you undergo regular insulin administration. The stomach enzymes break down insulin, so it must be taken through an injection or a pump.

Insulin injections usually make use of different insulin types, and are administered three times a day or more. Insulin pumps are wearable devices that dispense a specific amount of insulin through a catheter.1

Aside from insulin administration, your doctor may also prescribe other medications to prevent the complications of Type 1 diabetes. Some of these medications include:2

  • Anti-hypertensive medicines — Used for regulating blood pressure levels.
  • Statins — Used for reducing high cholesterol levels.
  • Aspirin — Taken in low doses to prevent stroke.
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor — Prescribed to prevent kidney diseases.

Keep in mind, that these conventional treatment options may put your health at risk. For instance, statins are known to cause muscle pain and damage, liver problems and neurological disorders.3 Aspirin, on the other hand, may cause elevated iron levels, which is linked to heart disease and cancer.

The inherent risks of these conventional treatment methods may do you more harm than good. If you're looking for a safe way to control your glucose levels and prevent diabetes-related complications, then you should consider following a natural treatment approach.

Healthy Dietary and Lifestyle Changes May Help You Control Type 1 Diabetes

Choosing healthy diet and lifestyle habits is generally beneficial for your overall health, but did you know that it may also help you take control of your blood sugar levels and prevent the complications related to diabetes? Here are some tips to keep in mind:

  • Watch your carb intake — Carbohydrates include starches, sugars and fiber. When you eat high-carb foods, your body converts the starches and sugars into glucose, which will enter your bloodstream and increase your blood glucose levels. Make sure that you monitor your carbohydrate intake to avoid hyperglycemia.4
  • Time your meals — Meal timing is crucial to the treatment and management of Type 1 diabetes, since it may affect the efficiency of your insulin intake. The best time to eat your meal depends on the type of insulin that you're taking. For example, regular insulin should be taken 30 minutes before a meal.5
  • Eat only nutritious foods — Avoid eating foods that contain sugar, preservatives, trans fat, refined flour and other unhealthy ingredients. Rather, fill your plate with wholesome foods that are rich in vitamins and minerals. You should also consume foods that are high in healthy fats and probiotics, since these may help you gain better control of your blood glucose levels.
  • Exercise regularly — Following an active lifestyle may help regulate your blood sugar levels, as it allows your body to use insulin more efficiently. It also helps reduce your risk of developing complications, such as heart disease and stroke.6

It's important to note that your physical activities and diet plan significantly affect your blood glucose levels. Make sure that you consult your physician before making any changes to your lifestyle habits and dietary plan to keep your blood sugar levels from fluctuating.7

Regularly Monitoring Your Blood Glucose Levels Is a Must

Monitoring your blood glucose level is an essential part of managing Type 1 diabetes, since it allows you to determine whether your treatment plan is still effective or not. It also helps prevent immediate complications caused by significant changes in your blood sugar levels.8

This procedure is done using a blood glucose meter, which is a small device that measures the concentration of glucose in your blood. Your doctor may recommend you to do this procedure at the following times:9

  • Before and after mealtimes
  • Before and after exercising
  • Before sleeping
  • When you're feeling unwell

Don't forget to take note of the results after the test, since your physician may use this data to determine if your condition is right on track or if any changes must be made to your treatment plan.10

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