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Symptoms of Endometriosis

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  • Endometriosis can trigger severe menstrual cramps, pain during urination and bowel movements, nausea and abnormal menstrual flow
  • Make sure you visit a doctor if you notice any endometriosis symptoms so you can be properly diagnosed
  • A doctor can diagnose endometriosis by performing a pelvic exam, ultrasound or laparoscopy

The symptoms of endometriosis may occur differently among women. Some can struggle with them, while others may not even notice they have this condition. According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, women who have a milder form of this condition don’t feel pain or experience severe discomfort. The organization further adds that there is no correlation between the amount of endometriosis-related pain a woman experiences and the severity of her condition.1

What Are the Most Common Endometriosis Symptoms?

Nevertheless, it’s still important to know about the symptoms of endometriosis that usually occur among women, such as:2

  • Pain caused by extreme menstrual cramps that can be felt in the abdomen, lower back or pelvis3
  • Discomfort during sexual intercourse
  • Pain while urinating and defecating during your monthly period
  • Abnormal or heavy menstrual flow wherein you’ll need to replace your pad or tampon every one to two hours
  • Bloody stool or urine
  • Nausea and vomiting4
  • Infertility
  • Gastrointestinal problems such as diarrhea and constipation

3 Tests That Will Help You Know if You Have Endometriosis

Make sure you consult with a doctor if you notice any endometriosis symptoms. According to the Mayo Clinic, these three approaches may help identify if you have this health issue:5

Pelvic exam — Your doctor will look for cysts on your reproductive organs or scars behind your uterus by manually checking your pelvis. The presence of a cyst may indicate endometriosis, although it can be impossible to discern if small areas have been affected by this condition.

Ultrasound — A device called a transducer produces high-frequency sound waves that will create images of your body. The transducer can either be pushed onto your abdomen or inserted into your vagina (for a transvaginal ultrasound). While an ultrasound may help your doctor spot endometriomas, or cysts linked to this health issue, it may not fully inform your doctor if you’re dealing with endometriosis.

Apart from an ultrasound, your physician might perform a computerized tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).6

Laparoscopy — A surgeon will put you under general anesthesia and will look for abnormal endometrial tissues, determining their location, size and extent. According to the Mayo Clinic, a small opening near your navel will be made and a laparoscope will be inserted to check for endometrium growth outside the uterus. If needed, your surgeon may take some tissue samples that’ll be further inspected.

MORE ABOUT ENDOMETRIOSIS

Endometriosis: Introduction

What Is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis Symptoms

Endometriosis Causes

Is Endometriosis Hereditary?

Endometriosis Stages

Endometriosis Treatment

Endometriosis in Pregnancy

Endometriosis vs Adenomyosis

Endometriosis Prevention

Endometriosis Diet

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