Signs and Symptoms of Fibromyalgia: How to Identify This Ailment

symptoms of fibromyalgia

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  • Fibromyalgia symptoms in men and women are generally similar, although women may have a host of other symptoms
  • The symptoms of fibromyalgia can vary from one person to another. However, there is one symptom that is prevalent in all fibromyalgia sufferers: widespread pain

The symptoms of fibromyalgia can vary from one person to another. However, there is one symptom that is prevalent in all fibromyalgia sufferers: widespread body pain. Fibromyalgia pain is characterized as a continuous dull ache, but it can also feel like a burning sensation or a sharp and stabbing pain.1

Previous guidelines on fibromyalgia call for identifying pain in the tender points. Known as fibromyalgia “pressure points” or “pain points,” these are 18 areas in the body that can bring on additional pain when firm pressure is applied on them. Fibromyalgia pain points can be found on your:2

Neck (front and back)

Elbows

Hips

Upper and lower back

Knees

Shoulders

Chest

Back of the head

Previous guidelines set by the American College of Rheumatology in 1990 states that to be diagnosed with fibromyalgia, the pain should be felt in at least 11 of these 18 pressure points.3 However, fibromyalgia symptoms can flare up (meaning they may come and go) — for example, a person may experience pain in only eight pressure points one day, but in 11 points the next. For this reason, the guidelines were modified to help better diagnose this illness.

Today, instead of identifying pain only in these pressure points, physicians will also look for other symptoms, such as emotional stress, and their intensity.4 Some of the most common symptoms of fibromyalgia include:5,6

Fatigue

Disrupted or irregular sleep patterns

Muscle stiffness and spasms

Numbness in the hands and feet

Sensitivity to cold and heat

Headaches

Restless leg syndrome or RLS, which is an uncomfortable, creepy-crawly feeling in your legs that often disturbs your sleep

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

“Fibro fog” (or brain fog), a condition that impairs your ability to focus on mental tasks Some common signs of fibro fog include short-term memory loss, struggling to find a word, and disorientation that lasts for 30 to 60 seconds7

Depression and anxiety

Fibromyalgia symptoms in men and women are generally similar, although women may have a host of other symptoms. One example is having painful menstrual periods. Women diagnosed with fibromyalgia may also have endometriosis,8 a condition caused by tissue growing in other parts of the pelvis. They may feel pain during sexual intercourse as well.9 According to Everyday Health, there are also some unusual, less common symptoms that may come with fibromyalgia, such as:10

Allodynia. A heightened sensitivity to touch. Simply rubbing an affected person’s shoulder or patting him or her on the back can cause intense pain.

Paresthesia. An unexplained tingling and numbness that’s often linked to anxiety or nervousness over the illness. Paresthesia is accompanied by rapid, deep breathing, and may lead to acroparesthesia, a tingling in the hands and feet caused by lack of carbon dioxide.

Lipomas. These lumps, which can appear in various parts of the body, are actually fatty benign tumors, and may cause you more discomfort.

Sensitivity to fragrance, light, and even sounds.

Excessive sweating and a feverish feeling.

MORE ABOUT FIBROMYALGIA

Fibromyalgia: Introduction

What Is Fibromyalgia?

Is Fibromyalgia Hereditary?

Fibromyalgia in Pregnancy

Fibromyalgia Causes

Fibromyalgia Symptoms

Fibromyalgia Treatment

Fibromyalgia Diet

Fibromyalgia FAQ

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