What Causes Hemorrhoids?

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  • Health experts have not determined the exact cause of hemorrhoids, but they are known to appear when increased pressure within your lower abdomen or rectum stretches the veins in these areas
  • If you want your hemorrhoids to heal, make sure to have them checked as soon as possible

Health experts have not determined the exact cause of hemorrhoids, but it’s said that they appear when increased pressure within the rectum stretches the veins in this area, causing bulging and swelling of the blood vessels.1,2

These Circumstances May Predispose You to Hemorrhoids

Other factors that may affect your risk for hemorrhoids include:3,4,5,6

Straining during bowel movement — People who strain too much during a bowel movement increase pressure on the veins in their anus or rectum, increasing their risk for hemorrhoids.

Aging — According to the Mayo Clinic, older people are more prone to hemorrhoids because the tissues responsible for supporting their rectal and anal veins tend to stretch and weaken as they age.

Obesity — Obese people have a higher hemorrhoid risk because of the excess weight in their pelvic and abdominal regions. As a result, pressure increases in the pelvic veins, ultimately raising their hemorrhoid risk.

Chronic constipation or diarrhea — Having any of these conditions may prompt you to strain hard during a bowel movement, damaging your rectal veins and possibly causing hemorrhoids.

Family history — Weak veins may be an inherited risk factor. The risk of hemorrhoids increases as well when combined with other factors such as poor bathroom habits or long hours of standing or sitting.

Low-fiber diet — Not eating enough fiber can make your stools hard, leading you to strain more than usual during a bowel movement. This adds pressure on your rectum and anus, and ultimately triggers hemorrhoids.7

Sitting for a long period of time, especially on the toilet — Chronic sitting, especially when you’re on the toilet, puts stress on your veins and increases your risk for hemorrhoids.

Lifting heavy objects — You may tend to strain your pelvic and rectal area when you carry heavy objects.8

Who Is More Likely to Have Hemorrhoids?

Although hemorrhoids are more common in men, women can also be affected, especially during pregnancy.9 According to WebMD, hemorrhoids may develop because as the baby grows, there’s increasing pressure on large veins found behind the uterus.10 Hemorrhoids can also develop or worsen during childbirth, as a woman may strain too hard during delivery.11

If you want your hemorrhoids to heal, have them checked as soon as possible. Unfortunately, your hemorrhoids won’t go away if you don’t utilize treatment options, and this can result in further complications such as anemia or strangulated hemorrhoids (although this is rare),12 and may even require surgical removal.

MORE ABOUT HEMORRHOIDS

Hemorrhoids: Introduction

What Are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids Causes

Hemorrhoids Types

Hemorrhoids Symptoms

Hemorrhoids In Pregnancy

Hemorrhoids Treatment

Hemorrhoids Surgery

Hemorrhoids Prevention

Essential Oils for Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids Diet

Hemorrhoids FAQ

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