Discover the Signs and Symptoms of Hemorrhoids

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  • Catching the early warning signs of hemorrhoids is vital to lessen the pain and treat these swollen veins as soon as possible
  • It’s important to know that internal and external hemorrhoids are diagnosed differently. If you notice these common hemorrhoid symptoms, consult with a physician at once

Catching the early warning signs of hemorrhoids is vital in lessening the pain and addressing these swollen veins as soon as possible. If you notice these common hemorrhoid symptoms, consult a physician at once:1,2

Extreme pain in your rectal area3

Appearance of sensitive or painful lumps or swelling near the anus

Leaking stool

Large amounts of rectal bleeding

Blood on tissue, in your stool or in the toilet bowl after a bowel movement4

Lightheadedness, dizziness or faintness

How Are Hemorrhoids Diagnosed?

It’s important to know that internal and external hemorrhoids are diagnosed differently. External hemorrhoids may be identified via a physical exam, an overview of hemorrhoid history or in some instances may be visible to your physician.5,6 For internal hemorrhoids, there are different techniques that your physician might utilize to reach a proper diagnosis. These include:7

Digital rectal exam — Performed in order to check for unusual growths within the anus, your physician inserts a gloved and lubricated finger into your rectum. Additional testing may be recommended based on the results of this exam.8

Sigmoidoscopy — A short, flexible and lighted device called a sigmoidoscope is positioned into your rectum to check for hemorrhoids and examine portions of the large intestine. This helps your doctor to determine the cause of certain conditions like diarrhea, belly pain and constipation. In order for the physician to view the area more clearly, the sigmoidoscope can blow air into the intestine to enlarge it.

Proctoscopy — This entails your physician inserting a thin and hollow tube with a light attached at the end into your anus. This provides a clear view of the entire anal canal.9

Anoscopy — A hollow and lighted device called an anoscope10 is inserted into your anus, so your physician can look for internal hemorrhoids.

Colonoscopy — A long and flexible tube called a colonoscope is inserted into your anus and moved slowly into your rectum and colon.11,12 Because of a tiny camera and light source attached to the tube, your physician is able to examine your rectum and some sections of your colon,13 and potentially check the underlying cause behind the hemorrhoids.14

A colonoscopy may be recommended by your physician to examine your colon more extensively, especially if:15

There are indicators suggesting you have another digestive disease

You are exhibiting risk factors for colorectal cancer

You are over middle-aged and have not undergone a colonoscopy recently

Be Aware of These Potential Complications

Although hemorrhoids are uncomfortable and painful, most cases are not life-threatening.16 Still, it is important to have yourself checked for them as soon as possible to prevent complications such as:17

  • Anemia — Chronic blood loss from hemorrhoids prompts this condition, wherein your body lacks healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout various systems. Eventually this may lead to fatigue or weakness.
  • Strangulated hemorrhoid — Should the blood supply of an internal hemorrhoid be completely stopped, then you may have a painful strangulated hemorrhoid. If left untreated, this may cause extreme pain.
  • Thrombosed hemorrhoids — If you or someone you know has external hemorrhoids that don’t show signs of blood flow, then it may indicate the presence of thrombosed hemorrhoids. They can become painful18 and irritating. In some cases, surgery may be required to remove them, albeit this is rare, since natural home remedies may help alleviate this condition.19
  • Prolapsed hemorrhoids — These are hemorrhoids that may bulge through the rectum and the anus. Just like thrombosed hemorrhoids, prolapsed hemorrhoids are painful and may bleed,20 and may eventually require surgery to be removed.21

MORE ABOUT HEMORRHOIDS

Hemorrhoids: Introduction

What Are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids Causes

Hemorrhoids Types

Hemorrhoids Symptoms

Hemorrhoids In Pregnancy

Hemorrhoids Treatment

Hemorrhoids Surgery

Hemorrhoids Prevention

Essential Oils for Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids Diet

Hemorrhoids FAQ

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