Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Meniere’s Disease

Frequently Asked Questions About Meniere’s Disease

Story at-a-glance -

  • There is currently no permanent cure for Meniere’s disease. However, there are a variety of treatment options that can help manage its symptoms
  • Although its symptoms can be debilitating, Meniere’s disease is not fatal
  • Individuals who are already formally diagnosed with Meniere’s disease may experience an onset of symptoms without vertigo during the last stage of this disease

Q: Can Meniere's disease be cured?

A: There is currently no permanent cure for Meniere's disease. However, there are a variety of treatment options that can help manage its symptoms. Conventional treatment methods involve prescription medicines for motion sickness and nausea, such as diazepam, promethazine and meclizine. These medications may cause adverse effects, though, so make sure that you weigh their risks before you take them.

Medical devices, such as hearing aids and a Meniett pulse generator, may also be used to improve hearing and alleviate vertigo. Ear injections are available as well, although these may cause permanent hearing loss. Adopting healthy lifestyle habits and a wholesome dietary approach is the safest way to alleviate Meniere's disease. If all of the mentioned treatment methods fail, then your doctor may suggest surgery as an option.1

Q: Can you have Meniere's disease without vertigo?

A: Based on the current diagnostic standards for Meniere's disease, you may only be diagnosed with this condition if you've experienced at least two episodes of vertigo that lasted for at least 20 minutes.2,3 However, individuals who are already formally diagnosed with Meniere's disease may experience an onset of symptoms without vertigo during the last stage of this disease.4

Q: How long does Meniere's disease last?

A: Meniere's disease itself is a lifelong condition, while an onset of its symptoms may last for 20 minutes to 24 hours.5

Q: Is Meniere's disease fatal?

A: Although its symptoms can be debilitating, Meniere's disease is not fatal.6 However, this disorder can make you more susceptible to accidents since it disrupts your balance and may cause you to fall unexpectedly.7

Q: How do you test for Meniere's disease?

A: Meniere's disease is tested through hearing and balance assessments. Audiometry is performed first to see if you can detect sounds at different pitches and volumes. Patients with Meniere's disease usually cannot hear low frequencies. If you're confirmed to have a form of hearing impairment, your doctor may also perform additional tests to check the electrical activity and nerve function in your inner ear.

Balance assessment is usually performed in between episodes of vertigo to test if you have ongoing balance problems. This procedure may include electronystagmography (ENG), vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP), posturography, a video head impulse test (vHIT) and rotary chair testing.8

Q: How is Meniere's disease diagnosed?

A: As mentioned above, your doctor may conduct hearing and balance tests to see if you have Meniere's disease. They may also check your medical record to see if you have a history of vertigo, tinnitus, allergies and infectious diseases. Your family's medical history may be evaluated as well, since genetics may play a role in the development of this condition.

Your doctor may also require you to undergo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computerized tomography (CT) scan to rule out other possible causes of your symptoms.9

Q: Is Meniere's disease hereditary?

A: Genetics is one of the possible causes of Meniere's disease. However, further research is still needed to prove this theory. Existing studies show that around 7 to 15 percent of Meniere's disease cases are familial, which indicates that heredity may play a significant role in a person's susceptibility to this condition.10

MORE ABOUT MENIERE'S DISEASE

Meniere's Disease: Introduction

What Is Meniere's Disease?

Meniere's Disease Symptoms

Meniere's Disease Causes

Meniere's Disease Treatment

Meniere's Disease Prevention

Meniere's Disease Diet

Meniere's Disease FAQ


< Previous

Meniere's Disease Diet

Next >

Back to Diseases Index

Post your comment
Click Here and be the first to comment on this article