How Can You Prevent Mononucleosis?

Family covering their mouth

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  • One of the primary preventive techniques for this condition is to limit direct contact with patients with mononucleosis
  • If you’ve already been affected by mononucleosis, you can help prevent the spread of mononucleosis by following these recommendations

While completely preventing mononucleosis is a hard feat to achieve, there are certain pointers that you should keep in mind to decrease your risk of contracting this condition. Because the primary transmission of the Epstein-Barr virus is through bodily fluids, one of the best preventive techniques for this condition is to limit direct contact with patients with mononucleosis or people who have contracted this condition at one point in their lives.1 Here are some tips to help you avoid getting mononucleosis:

Avoid kissing people with mononucleosis. Mononucleosis is commonly known as the "kissing disease" because this is one of the primary pathways on how this condition is transmitted from person to person. By avoiding or limiting physical or intimate contact with people with mononucleosis, you can prevent yourself from contracting the virus and developing this condition.2

Avoid sharing utensils, toothbrushes and drinking glasses with infected people. While sharing utensils and dishes is common among family members or friends, it should be avoided if you have family members affected by mononucleosis. It should also be avoided even if they've supposedly recovered from the condition, because the Epstein-Barr virus can stay in the body even after recovery.3

Reduce stress. Studies show that stress has a direct effect on the immune system. By reducing stress, your body will have a better chance of fighting off viruses and preventing infections.4

Optimize your diet to help boost your immune system. Note that people who are infected by the Epstein-Barr virus do not necessarily develop mononucleosis. Eating a healthy diet and keeping your immune system strong can help the body deal with possible diseases and conditions. It also helps keep the systems in check and prevent viruses and bacteria from severely affecting your body.5

How Can You Stop Active Transmission of the Virus?

If you've already been affected by mononucleosis, you can help prevent the spread of mononucleosis by following these recommendations:

Avoid donating blood within the six months after the onset of the condition. By avoiding blood donation, you're limiting the chances of transmitting the Epstein-Barr virus to the person who receives your blood during transfusion.6

Cover your mouth when sneezing or coughing. Covering your mouth lessens the possibility of people accidentally coming into contact with the saliva you're expelling in the air.7

Avoid sexual contact when sick. Even if mononucleosis is commonly transmitted through saliva, there is also a slim chance that it can be transmitted through other bodily fluids. By avoiding sexual contact with people who have not been affected by this condition, you're decreasing the possibility of transmitting the virus to other people.8

Practice good personal hygiene. Transmission without direct contact with the infected bodily fluids is also possible with the Epstein-Barr virus. An example of this is when you cover your mouth with your hands when you sneeze. This makes it possible to spread the virus through the small droplets of saliva you unknowingly put on your hands. Frequent and proper handwashing will get rid of these particles and prevent you from passing on the virus through hand-to-hand contact.9

If you suspect that your child is affected by mononucleosis or has been exposed to the virus, you can stop other children from contracting the virus by preventing them from coming into contact with toys or other materials that your child has used.

MORE ABOUT MONONUCLEOSIS

Introduction: Mononucleosis

What Is Mononucleosis?

Mononucleosis Symptoms

Mononucleosis Causes

Mononucleosis Treatment

Mononucleosis Prevention

Mononucleosis Diet

Mononucleosis FAQ


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