What to Do if an Ovarian Cyst Develops During a Pregnancy

Ovarian cyst during pregnancy

Story at-a-glance -

  • Although dealing with ovarian cysts and a pregnancy at the same time is not easy, consulting a doctor or gynecologist can help address the condition and ensure good health for both mother and child
  • A pregnant woman with ovarian cysts should consider delivery options and discuss these with her gynecologist

Ovarian cysts are known to occur during a woman’s childbearing years, and in some cases, even while she’s pregnant.1 Although dealing with ovarian cysts and a pregnancy at the same time is not easy, consulting a doctor or gynecologist can help address the condition and ensure good health for both mother and child.2

Can Ovarian Cysts Affect a Woman’s Fertility?

The type of ovarian cysts that develop in a woman's body can signify if her fertility will be negatively impacted or not. Some ovarian cysts don't affect a woman's fertility, provided that they don’t grow very large. These are:3

Functional cysts like corpus luteum or follicular cysts

Cystadenomas

Dermoid cysts

On the other hand, ovarian cysts that can affect a woman’s fertility include endometriomas (linked to endometriosis) and cysts that arise because of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Can You Get Pregnant Even If You Have Ovarian Cysts?

Fortunately, a woman can still get pregnant even if she has ovarian cysts. The risks depend on the size and type of ovarian cyst. While ovarian cysts are usually small or benign at first, they can increase in size and become large during the pregnancy, although there are cases wherein the patient does well without facing major issues.4

However,  cysts that form because of conditions like PCOS or endometriosis can make it hard for a woman to conceive. Another major risk that can occur during a pregnancy involves pressure exerted by a large cyst on the womb. If the woman is monitored closely, indicators of major problems can be recognized and resolved early, and potential treatment options can be discussed.

A pregnant woman with ovarian cysts should consider delivery options and discuss these with her gynecologist. A Caesarean section is an option that may help the surgeon or doctor remove the cyst during the delivery, and aid in preventing the need for future operations.

Treatment for Ovarian Cysts During a Pregnancy

A gynecologist can suggest different treatments, usually depending on the cyst’s condition, or advise the patient to wait and see if the cyst will go away on its own. For smaller cysts, a gynecologist may recommend that the patient undergo an ultrasound to see if the cyst changes size.5

Removal of ovarian cysts isn’t done immediately during a pregnancy. Usually, the gynecologist will suggest waiting until the halfway point of the pregnancy, since removing the cysts early can increase the risk for a miscarriage.

If a cyst develops on the ovarian stem, the stalk can twist and cause illness, because this condition affects the ovary. Such a condition can prompt a gynecologist to recommend a surgical procedure called a laparoscopy to remove the cyst, regardless of the stage of the pregnancy.

However, if the cyst develops on the stem during the late stages of a pregnancy, another procedure called a laparotomy may be recommended.

MORE ABOUT OVARIAN CYST

Ovarian Cyst: an Introduction

What Is Ovarian Cyst?

Ruptured Ovarian Cyst

Ovarian Cyst During Pregnancy

Ovarian Cyst Symptoms

Ovarian Cyst Pain

Ovarian Cyst Causes

Ovarian Cyst Types

Ovarian Cyst Treatment

Ovarian Cyst Removal

Ovarian Cyst Prevention

Ovarian Cyst Diet

Ovarian Cyst FAQ



< Previous

Ruptured Ovarian Cyst

Next >

Ovarian Cyst Symptoms

Post your comment
Click Here and be the first to comment on this article