A Multipronged Approach Is Required in the Treatment of Rhabdomyolysis

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Story at-a-glance -

  • Treating rhabdomyolysis requires you to adapt so that you can manage any complications that appear alongside it
  • Mild cases of rhabdomyolysis can be treated with simple changes to your lifestyle habits
  • It’s better to consult with your doctor to figure out the best way to treat and prevent this disease from occurring in the future

Rhabdomyolysis is a complex disease, as it can be induced by both non-traumatic and traumatic causes. Examples include side effects from drug use, dehydration and car accidents. Treating rhabdomyolysis requires you to adapt so that you can manage any complications that appear alongside it.

If You Have Mild Rhabdomyolysis, Lifestyle Changes Are All You Need

Mild cases of rhabdomyolysis can be treated with simple changes to your lifestyle habits. Three of the most well-known approaches include:1

Hydration: Keeping your body hydrated properly can help flush out toxins and ease the workload of your kidneys. Always remember to drink appropriate amounts of clean, filtered water until your urine turns to a light-colored yellow.

Reduce exercise: If you’re a high-level athlete, it’s recommended that you cut back on your workout until your muscles recover and your urine normalizes. This can help lower the amount of toxins entering your kidneys until you get better. Athletes of differing skill levels can also benefit from getting enough rest before exercising again.

Increase circulation: Improving the circulation of your blood is vital to helping your muscles heal and lowering your risk of tissue death. One of the best ways to do this is to eat foods such as oranges, goji berries, dark chocolate, garlic, ginger and cayenne pepper.

Drug Abuse Can Lead to Rhabdomyolysis

Muscle weakness is one of the side effects of abusing harmful synthetic drugs such as heroin and cocaine. As with other causes of rhabdomyolysis, drug-induced muscle weakness can also cause complications in your body specific to the disease, alongside the negative effects of the drugs.2,3

Cocaine abuse, for example, induces vasoconstriction that cuts off blood supply to an affected muscle, leading to tissue death.4 Treatment for drug addiction generally varies, but it usually entails a combination of detoxification, behavioral counseling and group therapy sessions.

Consulting with a doctor will allow you to create a custom program specific to your treatment needs, allowing for a faster recovery of not just your mind, but your body as well.5

If You Have a Severe Muscle Injury, Watch Out for Compartment Syndrome

A compartment is a collection of muscles, blood vessels and nerves that are surrounded by fascia, a very strong membrane made of protein, which is typically found in the leg area. This coating does not expand, so when a muscle inside a particular compartment becomes injured, the pressure rises, resulting in lack of blood flow that will ultimately lead to cellular death.6

Treating this condition naturally mainly involves rest and massages. Once the symptoms improve, you can proceed to special strengthening and stretching exercises to target the affected area. But if the syndrome becomes chronic and tissue death is about to occur, you may have to undergo fasciotomy.

In a fasciotomy, a surgeon will cut a portion of the fascia to relieve pressure and swelling in the muscles, allowing blood flow to return. However, be aware that fasciotomy has risks, such as infection, nerve damage, numbness and scarring. Be sure to discuss your treatment options with your doctor thoroughly should you develop compartment syndrome.7

If You Develop Kidney Failure, It Should Be Prioritized Immediately

One complication that is largely associated with rhabdomyolysis is acute kidney failure. When a muscle becomes damaged, it releases large amounts of myoglobin into your bloodstream, which becomes toxic to your kidneys, rendering them unable to do their job. When this happens, medical treatment should be immediately sought to avoid permanent damage.

When it is confirmed that you have excess myoglobin (also known as myoglobinuria), emergency treatment usually involves hydration through IV administration until your myoglobin levels become normal.8

If you develop hyperkalemia, which is excess potassium in your blood, it will need to be treated because it can cause nausea, abnormal heart rhythms and possibly paralysis.9 Immediate treatment usually involves an intravenous solution (IV) filled with calcium to counteract the symptoms. But if the situation worsens, kidney dialysis may be even needed.10

Figure Out the Cause of Rhabdomyolysis to Get the Proper Treatment

If you develop muscle weakness, it’s important to review your health history, as well as any hobbies or activities that may have caused injury.

Rhabdomyolysis requires you to adapt because if you don’t know what causes your myalgia, your chances of developing complications such as acute kidney failure will increase. It’s better to consult with your doctor to figure out the best way to treat and prevent this disease from occurring in the future.

 

MORE ABOUT RHABDOMYOLISIS

Rhabdomyolisis: Introduction

What Is Rhabdomyolisis?

Rhabdomyolisis Symptoms

Rhabdomyolisis Causes

Rhabdomyolisis Treatment

Rhabdomyolisis Prevention

Rhabdomyolisis Diet

Rhabdomyolisis FAQ


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