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Weekly Health Quiz: Diabetes, Dementia and Facebook

1 Which of the following dietary supplements is not recommended for the nondrug treatment of high TMAO levels, which is an indication of hepatic insulin resistance?

  • Berberine
  • Astaxanthin
  • Krill oil
  • Resveratrol

    Krill oil, astaxanthin and berberine may be among the best treatments for those with high trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) levels, which is a reflection of insulin resistance in the liver. Learn more.

2 Websites and news stories that are called Fake News:

  • Are sometimes important health stories that mainstream media seeks to bury

    Much alternative health news and information is termed "fake" because it threatens mainstream financial interests. Learn more.

  • Should be immediately stopped by internet watchdogs
  • Are dangerous because they cannot be detected by people using the internet
  • Always contain health news that is not verified or sourced

3 Facebook's data mining and sale of your personal information can negatively affect you by:

  • Opening you up to be a target for manipulation and deceit
  • Being sold things you don't need by targeted ads based on your preferences
  • Inciting social unrest or governmental upheaval based on lies
  • All of the above

    Giving out personal data opens you up to be a target of manipulation — whether you're being manipulated to buy something you don't need or believe something that isn't true. Facebook also allows for the propagation of propaganda at an enormous scale. Learn more.

4 The following type of diet has been identified as one that can significantly reduce your chances of developing Alzheimer's, and may be very helpful if you already have signs of cognitive decline or dementia:

  • DASH diet (low sodium)
  • Ketogenic diet (high-fat, moderate-protein, low-net-carb)

    A high-fat, moderate-protein, low-net-carb ketogenic diet is crucial for protecting your brain health and preventing degeneration that can lead to Alzheimer's. Learn more.

  • High-carbohydrate diets
  • Vegan diets

5 While all forms of physical activity have a beneficial impact on your diabetes risk, the following two forms of exercise have been scientifically shown to be the most effective:

  • Strength training and core building exercises
  • Aerobic exercise and high-intensity interval training
  • Strength training and high-intensity interval training

    When it comes to exercise for diabetic control, two types have been found to be the most effective: high-intensity exercise and strength training, although any form of physical activity will have some degree of beneficial impact. Learn more.

  • Aerobic exercise and flexibility training

6 To optimize learning and memorization, it's important to have good sleep:

  • Before learning the new information
  • After learning
  • Neither; learning is not influenced by sleep or lack thereof
  • Both before and after learning

    Sleep is important before learning, as it helps prepare your brain to soak up new information. It's also crucial after learning, at which point the data are saved and integrated with what you already know. Learn more.

7 To optimize recovery of lost function after a stroke, it's important to:

  • Start doing mental and physical exercises to boost neuroplasticity as soon as possible

    Following a stroke, it's important to engage your neuroplasticity to regain lost function. Brain training and physical exercises allow your brain to develop alternate pathways to bypass the damaged area; the sooner you do it after the damage has been incurred, the more effective it will be. "Stroke of Luck: Master Neuroplasticity for Recovery and Growth After Stroke" is an important reference guide for doctors and patients. Learn more.

  • Get physical and mental bed rest for several weeks
  • Don't do anything until proper physical therapy and speech therapy becomes available
  • Avoid doing any mental or physical tasks that are strenuous or difficult; only perform tasks that are easy