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How Is Trichomoniasis Different in Men and Women?

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  • Trichomoniasis can target anyone, but there’s a difference in how men and women experience this disease
  • There are more recorded hallmarks of trichomoniasis in females compared to men

While trichomoniasis can target anyone, there’s a difference in how men and women experience this disease. It is more common in women compared to men — approximately 2.3 million females between the ages of 14 and 49 in the U.S. are affected by it.1 Older women are more likely to have this STI,2 as confirmed by a study conducted by researchers from Johns Hopkins University, which revealed that women over 40 years old were twice as likely to be infected.3

Trichomoniasis May Affect These Body Parts

Trichomoniasis mainly affects body parts in the male or female reproductive systems. Men can have the infection inside the penis or the urethra, a long tube responsible for letting urine pass out of the body and carrying semen.

Meanwhile, women can be infected in any of these parts of the lower genital tract: vulva, vagina, cervix or urethra. The female urethra differs in structure to the male urethra, as it is shorter and found above the vagina.4,5

Other Differences of This STI in Men and Women

Aside from trichomoniasis symptoms being different among men and women,6 how this disease is diagnosed also differs between males and females. Tests would require examination of vaginal fluid from women or urine from men.7 Furthermore, the duration of testing may be longer for men, because it’s more difficult to see the parasite that causes trichomoniasis in male samples.8

Extra Precautions Are Needed for Pregnant Women to Avoid Complications

A pregnant woman who has been diagnosed with trichomoniasis may experience complications that may put her and her child’s life at risk. At least 124,000 pregnant women are infected with this STI annually,9 which is alarming, since a trichomoniasis infection during pregnancy increases the possibilities of:10

  • Having the water break too early, or premature rupture of the membranes11
  • Bleeding because of cervical inflammation12 or cervicitis13
  • Undergoing a preterm delivery
  • Bearing a child with a low birth weight (usually less than 5.5 pounds)14

Plus, trichomoniasis may be transmitted to a newborn baby via the birth canal, although this happens rarely.15

MORE ABOUT TRICHOMONIASIS

Trichomoniasis: Introduction

What Is Trichomoniasis?

Trichomoniasis In Men and Women

Trichomoniasis Symptoms

Trichomoniasis Causes

Trichomoniasis Treatment

Trichomoniasis Prevention

Trichomoniasis FAQ

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