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How to Treat Trichomoniasis Effectively

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  • If you test positive for trichomoniasis, there are ways to relieve it at home
  • If you’re prescribed antibiotics like metronidazole or tinidazole, be aware of the various side effects they may predispose you to

Trichomoniasis is the most commonly treated sexually transmitted infection (STI),1 with symptoms going away after a week to 10 days, if targeted with pharmaceutical drugs.2 However, should signs of trichomoniasis last for a longer period, you should talk to a physician immediately to get retested or retreated.

Reinfection can occur among trichomoniasis patients, with 1 in 5 people becoming infected in as little as three months after initial treatment. If a case of trichomoniasis is left unaddressed, the infection can last in the body for a longer period of time, maybe even up to a few years.3,4

How Is Trichomoniasis Diagnosed?

Trichomoniasis cannot be confirmed by looking at symptoms alone. To determine if you have this STI or not, you may need to undergo a physical exam or laboratory test. Common diagnostic procedures for trichomoniasis include:5,6,7

  • Cell cultures
  • Antigen test
  • Wet mount
  • DNA test
  • Polyamerase chain reaction (PCR) tests8

Additional tests might be done for men, as the parasite is harder to detect in them. For women who want or need to be tested for trichomoniasis, the American Sexual Health Association advises scheduling your exam during non-menstruating days, avoiding vaginal douching or using vaginal sprays 24 hours prior, and using condoms during sexual intercourse, especially 24 hours before the test.9

Three months after initial treatment for trichomoniasis, contact your physician to see if you can take a follow-up test. The reinfection rate for trichomoniasis rises to 17 percent during this period, and is possible even if partners were treated.10

4 Natural Remedies for Trichomoniasis You Should Try

There are ways you can relieve trichomoniasis at home using natural remedies, should you test positive for this STI:

  • Tea tree oil — This oil is a natural antibacterial and antifungal that helps combat the parasite responsible for this infection.11 Tea tree oil is often applied topically,12 but since it can cause side effects, consult a physician first or take an allergen patch test to check if you have negative reactions to it. Tea tree oil may also be diluted with a carrier oil like sweet almond, coconut, jojoba or olive oil, but should not be taken orally.13
  • Garlic — This vegetable’s natural antibacterial properties may help address vaginal infections like trichomoniasis.14 Ideally, eat garlic raw to reap its maximum benefits.
  • Echinacea — Also known as coneflower, echinacea may help boost your immune system and target the trichomoniasis infection.15
  • Curcumin — This is a compound in the vibrant spice turmeric. It’s a natural anti-inflammatory16 and antibacterial agent,17 and was revealed to be useful as a topical treatment against the trichomoniasis-causing pathogen.18
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Be Aware of the Potential Effects of Antibiotics

If you’re prescribed antibiotics like metronidazole or tinidazole, be aware that they may cause various side effects. Metronidazole isn’t recommended for pregnant or breastfeeding women,19 and it’s found to trigger side effects like:20,21

  • Slight metallic taste in the mouth
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Headaches
  • Loss of appetite
  • Diarrhea
  • Back pain
  • Blurred or decreased vision
  • Fever
  • Irritability
  • Constipation

More severe side effects of metronidazole include seizures, easy bruising or bleeding, pain while urinating, speaking difficulties, numb or tingling sensation in the legs and severe headaches. If any of these suddenly develop, seek medical attention immediately.22

Just like metronidazole, tinidazole may leave a metallic or bitter taste in your mouth, and predispose you to complications like:23,24

  • Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite or indigestion
  • Constipation, diarrhea or stomach cramps
  • Feelings of weakness or tiredness
  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Allergic reactions like hives, difficulty breathing, or swelling of the face, lips, tongue or throat
  • Seizures

MORE ABOUT TRICHOMONIASIS

Trichomoniasis: Introduction

What Is Trichomoniasis?

Trichomoniasis In Men and Women

Trichomoniasis Symptoms

Trichomoniasis Causes

Trichomoniasis Treatment

Trichomoniasis Prevention

Trichomoniasis FAQ

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