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Frequently Asked Questions About Vertigo

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  • Peripheral vertigo is caused by a problem with the mechanisms in your inner ear, which is responsible for keeping you balanced while moving
  • Vertigo can be a result of a sinus infection, or sinusitis

Q: Is vertigo a disease?

A: Despite its prevalence among people, vertigo is not a disease. Rather, it’s a symptom caused by an underlying condition. The two types of conditions that can lead to vertigo are:1

  • Peripheral vertigo — Peripheral vertigo is caused by a problem with the mechanisms in your inner ear, which is responsible for keeping you balanced while moving. There are several diseases associated with this type, such as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), labyrinthitis, vestibular neuritis and Meniere’s disease.
  • Central vertigo — This type of vertigo is caused by problems in your brain or central nervous system, instead of your inner ear. Diseases of this subtype include multiple sclerosis, migraines and brain tumors. Medications that cause vertigo fall under this type as well.

Q: How do I stop vertigo?

A: The causes for a sudden onset of vertigo are dependent on the underlying problem. If you have peripheral vertigo, you may be advised to undergo regular physical therapy maneuvers such as the Epley or the Semont Maneuver. These exercises are designed to reduce the dizziness caused by vertigo without resorting to medication. If you have central vertigo, a different treatment method will be needed.2

Q: Is vertigo contagious?

A: Vertigo, as well as its underlying causes, is not contagious or hereditary. An issue either in your inner ear or in your brain  can cause vertigo.3

Q: Can dehydration cause vertigo?

A: In some circumstances, mild dehydration can be a probable cause for vertigo. When you’re dehydrated, your blood pressure drops, making you feel dizzy. If the drop in blood pressure is sudden, the onset of vertigo may be sudden as well.4

Q: Can a temporomandibular joint (TMJ) cause vertigo?

A: Yes, it’s possible that a TMJ can cause vertigo. The temporal joint and the inner ear labyrinth are both located in your temporal bone. When inflammation or some sort of injury occurs in your temporal joint, the signals in the labyrinth become disrupted, which results in vertigo.5

Q: Can a sinus infection cause vertigo?

A: Vertigo can be a result of a sinus infection. This is called sinugenic vertigo, and can be relieved through sinus therapy.6

Q: How do you deal with chronic vertigo?

A: Chronic vertigo can stay with you for the rest of your life. It’s important to use various therapies to help reduce the symptoms, because if you lose your balance, you could be seriously injured. You should look into performing the appropriate maneuvers to help you reduce your symptoms, along with eating a proper diet. You can also look into various hobbies or activities that can challenge and support your body’s ability to maintain your balance, such as gardening.7

Q: What tests can be done to check for vertigo?

A: There are several ways to test for vertigo. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) procedure can help identify any problems in your nervous system or inner ear. You may also undergo electronystagmography (ENG) or videonystagmography. These tests can determine if your dizziness is due to an inner ear problem by measuring your involuntary eye movements while your head is placed in different positions.8

Q: What is the difference between vertigo and dizziness?

A: Dizziness is often referred to as lightheadedness, wherein you may experience nausea and feel as if you’re about to faint. In addition, you may feel as if your surroundings are moving.

Vertigo on the other hand, refers to the feeling of dizziness even if you’re not moving, which means that there might be a balance problem in your inner ear. If only a little movement creates a very strong sensation of dizziness, visit a doctor at once to prevent serious injuries.9

MORE ABOUT VERTIGO

Vertigo: Introduction

What is Vertigo?

How Do You Get Vertigo?

Vertigo Duration

Vertigo Causes

Vertigo Types

Vertigo Symptoms

Vertigo Treatment

Vertigo Prevention

Vertigo Diet

Vertigo FAQ

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